Original artilcle courtesy https://www.healthline.com
Digestive System Problems
Sometimes, one or more parts of the digestive system don’t work properly. This can cause anything from minor discomfort to serious health issues. Some common digestive system problems include:
Acid Reflux and GERD
Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid or bile flows back up into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other uncomfortable symptoms. Most people experience acid reflux from time to time, especially after eating spicy food or heavy meals. When acid reflux happens more than twice per week, however, the condition is considered gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While acid reflux can cause some discomfort, GERD has the potential to cause serious health problems.
The symptoms of acid reflux and GERD include:
a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn) that sometimes moves up to the throat
a sour taste at the back of the mouth
regurgitating food or sour liquid
feeling a lump in your throat
Gallstones are solidified chunks of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder. They can be as tiny as a grain of sand or as big as a golf ball. People may have one gallstone or several gallstones at the same time. Some people don’t need any treatment for their gallstones, while others may require surgery to remove their gallbladder.
There are two main types of gallstones: cholesterol gallstones and bilirubin gallstones. Cholesterol gallstones are yellow and made mostly of cholesterol. Bilirubin gallstones, on the other hand, are dark brown or black and contain bilirubin. Bilirubin is a chemical the body makes when it breaks down red blood cells.
A small gallstone may not cause any symptoms. A larger gallstone, however, often does cause symptoms. These symptoms may include:
pain in the upper right section of the abdomen that radiates to the right shoulder or shoulder blades
yellow tint in the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
IBS is a collection of symptoms that affect the large intestine, causing extreme abdominal discomfort and pain. It’s a chronic condition that must be managed with long-term treatment. Most people with IBS can control their symptoms by modifying their diets and changing their lifestyle habits. Some people, however, may experience severe symptoms and need medication and counseling.
Common IBS symptoms include:
abdominal pain or cramps
mucous in the stool